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Adaptation for Environmental Challenges

Since discovering the extraction process of graphene, several developments have emerged, ranging from various fields in the world. For example, the automotive industry seeks to apply graphene to the production of cars to make them lighter. In short, the potential of graphene reaches as far as humans can imagine. That said, organizations want to apply the limitless potential of the material to solve an environmental problem. The challenges that they want to cope with a range from having renewable energy to water sanitation problems.

Earth at night was holding in human hands. Earth day. Energy saving concept, Elements of this image furnished by NASA

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Graphene the Environment

Graphene contains only a two-dimensional surface of atoms, which each one bonded to three others by carbon atoms. Because of that, the molecular structure of graphene forms a honeycomb order, the hexagonal lattice. However, graphene comes from the carbon crystal graphite, thus the building block of the said material.

Since it only has a two-dimensional atoms layer, scientists recognize graphene as the tiniest material known to man. Also, its structure allows heat and electricity to transfer and flow faster than the standard rate. That made the material top-notch in conducting heat at room temperature.

Moreover, graphene offers not only conductivity but also its strength. Despite being a tiny material, experts consider graphene one of the most robust fabrics in the world. Professionals say that the material has a power that surpasses steel for more than 200 times the scale. Also, it has impeccable flexibility and great endurance over lengthwise pressure. Likewise, its structure gave it a layer that remains impermeable to particles that may be gases or liquid.

With all these qualities, researchers expect significant advancement in several fields. Also, companies can create innovation with the same effect as to how Industrial Revolution affected humanity.

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Applying Graphene Innovation to Renewable Energy

Since graphene has high electric conductivity, the energy industry can fully utilize this material. The said material has the potential to increase energy storage and charging speed. The Solar and wind energy industry can fully use that feature to have higher voltage applications. Not only that, but graphene can also help utilize rechargeable batteries. By offering higher energy storage and charging speed for the battery, people can reduce combustive fuels.

Applying Graphene Technology to Water Sanitation

To obtain clean water, most people rely on the filtration system. However, advanced filtration systems often use polymer membranes, but people can now upgrade the structure with graphene.

According to experts, graphene remains a thousand times thinner than most membranes. However, despite its slim structure, the material has an impenetrable surface, which means any molecule can’t flow through. Yet, researchers suggest that by drilling holes to the graphene layer, they can create selective filters. Nonetheless, they may need multiple graphene layers to have a sensitive filter that works on water. That said, people can achieve sustainable water resources if done.

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