The oil and gas industry has a 14% desalination market share. With the advancements in desalination technology, there will be more efficient innovations for fire control, industrial uses, irrigation, re-injection, etc. Recently, there are studies about the application of graphene and graphene oxide formatives in desalination.
Based on the results, graphene-enhanced materials and membranes are exceptionally constructive in salt rejection. Seeing as graphene is impermeable to liquids and gases despite being extremely thin, it will be feasible to build nanopores in single-layer graphene that allow water to pass but obstruct the passage of larger ions. With the developments of graphene-enhanced desalination, there are possibilities to solve wastewater concerns that serve as a concern in the oil industry.