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Construction

Graphene Applications in Construction

Graphene remains one of the metallic materials that have a top-notch number in terms of strength. Studies suggest that it has excellent tensile strength. Tensile strength refers to the maximum tensile stress a material can endure before breaking up. Not only that, but graphene has hi-calibre endurance even under compression or lengthwise tension.

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Due to those properties, manufacturers decided to add graphene to many composite materials. Naturally, the construction industry remains no stranger to composite materials. However, graphene does offer not only its high calibre strength, but also a vast pool of advantages, including high electric conductivity and lighter weight. That said, the construction industry can find many ways to utilise the material.

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Graphene and Steel

With its high tensile strength, graphene surpassed steel after being 200 times stronger than the conventional material. Despite the disparity, it cannot replace steel since manufacturers have yet to find a way to produce thick graphene layers. To utilise the material, companies have created options to innovate the construction industry.

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The first option, companies seek to add graphene to steel, making an alloy. This idea helps integrate the property of the steel. Not only does graphene help to strengthen the steel, it also reduces the weight. However, manufacturers have yet to develop a solution to execute this plan, so this is a plan for the future.

 

The second option, construction companies use graphene to coat the steel’s outermost layer to make it anti-corrosive. Companies reason that the material has the ability to resist penetration from other matters, including liquid and gas. With a graphene coating, they prevent the steel from rusting, thus increasing its life span.

Graphene and Cement

With its impeccable strength, graphene has the resistance to avoid breakage during impact. Even if companies use graphene as an ingredient for composite cement, it can increase significantly. Studies claim that graphene and graphene oxide could improve the bent strength of cement.

Graphene can introduce self-sufficient and more environmental-friendly concrete. Experts have proved that graphene in concrete helps to break down unnecessary particles into compounds harmless to the environment. Additionally, the material can increase the strength of the cement and make it eco-friendly. However, institutions still require further research before they can implement this in the industry.

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Anti-Corrosive Paint

For mass production, companies usually break down graphene to graphene oxide. This derivative has a lot of potential, including the composition of protective paint. Paint added with graphene oxide creates a layer that remains impenetrable by particles.  The colour can resist the flow of air, water, and even corrosive molecules. It creates a protective exterior for construction material or the infrastructure itself. With graphene oxide, the colour helps to keep the exterior of the material crack-free and scratch-resistant. That means the strength of the material is maintained, despite the breakdown occurring to the graphene.

The Efficiency of Graphene in the Architecture Sector

Graphene is an excellent durable, elastic material, and its tremendous and marvelous attributes have gained it the title of the "miracle material." As stated by experts, graphene will certainly reach architecture the same way it revolutionizes the electronics world. Civil engineering, through various sectors, sees graphene as the potential to be more productive and sustainable.

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What Properties of Graphene make it Suitable for Architecture?

Graphene has a myriad of tremendous qualities that make it gradually famous for super-materials. Numerous manufacturing industries have already considered these. Aside from the electronic sector, the architecture industry is also beginning to apply graphene in their field. We have gathered some of graphene’s properties that are essential to architecture.

Graphene is Known for Being the Most-durable Material.

Graphene is more robust than diamond. It is the main reason why it is capable of handling a heavy load. Thus, materials made of graphene can survive longer than their predecessors.

Graphene has an excellent conductivity for electricity.

Graphene is a much better conductor of electricity than copper. This is because graphene requires much less electricity to transport the same volume of energy as copper.

Exceptionally Lightweight and Transparency

Its exceptional lightness enhances graphene’s function as a potential material of structural value. Being  both substantial and smaller, it is undoubtedly beneficial in the architectural planning process and a significant reduction in building costs.

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Why is Graphene Beneficial for Architecture?

As stated, graphene is a “miracle material.”. Not only because of its extraordinary properties but also due it has numerous contributions in a wide range of industries and products. Below are some advantages architectures can gain from graphene.

Efficiency

Graphene has an excellent performance in structural applications such as concrete.  Used in structures that require more durability over time, the essential applications are walls, pipes, roads, bridges, and dams.

Protection

The use of graphene is applicable in the manufacturing of titanium oxide nanoparticle coatings. With these coatings acting as protection, the tubes can be more efficient and long-lasting. The use of graphene coatings would protect pipes from external factors such as weather, ultraviolet rays, etc.

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Sunlight Absorbance

Graphene can absorb sunlight, and is an excellent photosensitive material. It, therefore, has a vital role in the manufacturing of photovoltaic solar panels with cells made of graphene aerogel. The lightweight material can increase the lifetime of solar panels, enhance efficiency and performance, and reduce costs for companies.

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Assessing its excellent qualities, it is evident that the architectural and building industries will take advantage of the value of graphene. The application of graphene in construction presents other great benefits. While graphene is still in progress, it is undeniably the technology for the future. Its existence is abundant in nature even though it still does not develop on a substantial level.

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